Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) & Aids

What is Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

HIV is an infection that stops the human body from being able to fight against infection, by damaging the immune system. It is incurable, and when very serious, is known as Aids. The infection can be contracted through contaminated blood, breast milk, sperm and vaginal fluid. Sexual intercourse without a condom can cause infection, as can re-using the syringe of a person who is infected. There is also the distinct possibility that a pregnant mother can pass it on to her baby, though there are good treatments available to prevent this.

Symptoms of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Indications of the infection can be difficult to recognise, but there are sometimes cold-like symptoms after a month or so. The only good way to identify HIV is to be tested.

What treatment is available for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

Testing will involve a blood sample, from which results will be given after about one week. There is no treatment to stop this infection from slowly destroying your immune system, but signs of illness can be prevented through the use of antiretrovirals. Other medication will be prescribed. HIV is still a very real problem, but one not many people are aware of.

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